James H. Thomason Library

New Resources

Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials
A bibliography of controlled trials identified by contributors to the Cochrane Collaboration and others, as part of an international effort to hand search the world’s journals and create an unbiased source of data for systematic reviews.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Contains full text articles, as well as protocols focusing on the effects of healthcare. Data is evidence-based medicine and is often combined statistically (with meta-analysis) to increase the power of the findings of numerous studies, each too small to produce reliable results individually.

Cochrane Methodology Register
A bibliography of publications which report on methods used in the conduct of controlled trials. It includes journal articles, books and conference proceedings; these articles are taken from the MEDLINE database and from hand searches. The database contains studies of methods used in reviews and more general methodological studies which could be relevant to anyone preparing systematic reviews. CMR records contain the title of the article, information on where it was published (bibliographic details), and in some cases, a summary of the article. CMR is produced by the UK Cochrane Centre, on behalf of the Cochrane Methodology Review Group.

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects
Includes abstracts of published systematic reviews on the effects of health care from around the world, which have been critically analyzed according to a high standard of criteria. This database provides access to quality reviews in subjects for which a Cochrane review may not yet exist.

Health Technology Assessments
Provides details of completed and ongoing health technology assessments (studies of the medical, social, ethical and economic implications of healthcare interventions) from around the world. The aim of the database is to improve the quality and cost-effectiveness of health care. In addition to systematic reviews, HTA contains ongoing and completed research based on trials, questionnaires and economic evaluations.

NHS Economic Evaluation Database
Assists decision-makers in the world of professional health care by providing information on the costs and effects of drugs, treatments and procedures. Economic evaluations – the cost-benefit analysis of two or more different medical treatments – from around the world are systematically identified, described and appraised for quality while their relative strengths and weaknesses are explored and highlighted. The database contains over 6,000 abstracts of quality-assessed economic evaluations and more than 21,000 total records. NHS EED is produced by the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD) at the University of York, UK.

Dictionaries, Images, etc.

For background information and definitions refer to the following library reference works and online reference collections:

ARRS Goldminer [American Roentgen Ray Society]
Provides instant access to 237,300 radiological images published in 262 selected peer-reviewed journals. Search by findings, anatomy, imaging technique, and patient age and sex.

Black’s Medical Dictionary [Credo Reference] Includes definitions and descriptions of medical terms and concepts. 42nd ed., 2010.

Concise Medical Dictionary [Oxford Reference Online] Contains over 11,000 clear and concise entries, covering all aspects of medical science. Written by a team of medical experts, the entries are accessible and jargon-free, and complemented by over 140 illustrations and diagrams. 8th ed., 2010.

A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition [Oxford Reference Online]
Contains over 6,000 entries covering all aspects of food and nutrition, diet and health. Covers types of food (including everyday foods and little-known foods, e.g. payusnaya), nutritional information, vitamins, minerals, and key scientific areas including metabolism and genomics. 3rd ed., 2009.

A Dictionary of Psychology [Oxford Reference Online]
Covers all branches of psychology, including psychoanalysis, psychiatry, criminology, neuroscience, and statistics. Features comprehensive coverage of key areas, for example: cognition, sensation and perception, emotion and motivation, learning and skills, language, mental disorder, and research methods. 3rd ed., 2009.

A Dictionary of Public Health [Oxford Reference Online]
An alphabetical listing of almost 5,000 words and phrases used in public health science and practice. It offers definitions, discussion, and an occasional brief commentary on the relevance of each term to people and their health. 1st ed., 2007.

Dorland’s Illustrated Medical Dictionary [Credo Reference]
Comprehensive biomedical dictionary that reflects standard and current terminology derived from medicine and related disciplines. Includes images and audio pronunciations. 32nd ed., 2011.

Jablonski’s Dictionary of Medical Acronyms and Abbreviations [Credo Reference]
Abbreviations and acronyms are included in a single alphabetically arranged section and several thousand new entries have been added. Identifies abbreviations considered dangerous to use. Includes lists of symbols and organizations. 6th ed., 2009.

Medical Abbreviations Dictionary [MediLexicon]
Provides 200,000 medical, biotech, pharmacy and healthcare acronyms and abbreviations.

The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library
Presents information on diagnosing and treating medical disorders. Features expanded clinical focus on each category of disorder, as well as more specific guidance on patient examinations.

Mosby’s Handbook of Herbs and Natural Supplements [Credo Reference]
Presents herb and supplement profiles in a convenient, A-Z format for fast reference. 4th ed., 2010.

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science and Medicine [Oxford Reference Online]
Covers anatomy, biomechanics, exercise physiology, nutrition, sports psychology, sports sociology, sports injuries, and training principles. A useful guide for those who wish to understand terms such as A-band, jogger’s nipple, maximal aerobic power, social loafing, and zero-sum competition. 3rd ed., 2007.

Pharmaceutical Medicine Dictionary [Credo Reference] Contains information that covers the gamut of pharmaceutical medicine from drug discovery, development, trials, regulatory approval and marketing. 2001.

Saunders Comprehensive Veterinary Dictionary [Credo Reference] Covers veterinary vocabulary with comprehensive coverage of all large and small animals, including exotics. 4th ed., 2012.

The Visible Human Project [National Library of Medicine and others]
Lists applications for viewing images and (via link on sidebar) tools for use with the visible human data set.

The Whole Brain Atlas [Harvard Medical School]
Offers still and moving electronic images of the brain, individual brain structures, and diseases and disorders of the brain.

Drug References

DailyMed [National Library of Medicine]
Provides high quality information about marketed drugs, including FDA approved labels (package inserts).

Drug Industry Document Archive [DIDA]
Contains over 2500 documents about pharmaceutical industry clinical trials, publication of study results, pricing, marketing, relations with physicians and involvement in continuing medical education.

Drug Information [MedlinePlus]
Browse by first letter of generic or brand name drug. Prescription and over-the-counter medication information is from AHFS® Consumer Medication Information†, a product of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP).

Drug Shortages [FDA]
Includes current drug shortages, how to report a drug shortage, resolved drug shortages, drugs to be discontinued, and frequently asked questions about drug shortages.

Search for official information about FDA approved brand name and generic drugs and therapeutic biological products. The main uses of Drugs@FDA are: finding labels for approved drug products, finding generic drug products for a brand name drug product, finding therapeutically equivalent drug products for a brand name or generic drug product, finding consumer information for drugs approved from 1998 on, finding all drugs with a specific active ingredient, viewing the approval history of a drug.

Facts & Comparisons eAnswers [Wolters Kluwer]
Provides comprehensive drug information and tools including dosing, interactions, unknown drug identification, calculations, compatibility, and patient education.

FDA Vaccines, Blood & Biologics
Protects and enhances the public health through regulation of biological products including blood, vaccines, therapeutics and related drugs and devices.

Ident-A-Drug Reference
Identifies drug products by the codes imprinted on them as well as the color and shape of the product.

Institute for Safe Medication Practices
Provides medication safety alerts, forms for reporting errors to the Institute, and self-assessment tools.

King Guide to Parenteral Admixtures
Provides injectable drug compatibility and stability information with quarterly updates, including original research, over 460 IV drug monographs, and over 2000 primary source references.

LactMed [National Library of Medicine]
A peer-reviewed and fully referenced database of drugs to which breastfeeding mothers may be exposed. Among the data included are maternal and infant levels of drugs, possible effects on breastfed infants and on lactation, and alternate drugs to consider.

Lexi-Comp Online
Provides comprehensive drug information including dosing and interactions for every patient population, with specific databases for pediatrics, geriatrics, dental, and pharmacogenomics. Tools include interaction analysis, unknown drug identification, medical calculations, compatibility analysis, as well as toxicity assessment and treatment.

Mayo Clinic Drugs and Supplements
Look up prescription and over-the-counter drug information.

The Medical Letter
Includes The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics, a searchable database with data from 1988 through the present, updated biweekly; Treatment Guidelines from The Medical Letter, a searchable database with data from the first issue September, 2002 though the present, updated monthly; Adverse Drug Interactions Program, an evidence-based, proprietary database of adverse drug interactions; and Handbook of Antimicrobial Therapy.

Medicines in Development [PhRMA]
Includes medicines currently in clinical trials or at FDA for review. All the information is courtesy of Wolters Kluwer Health’s Adis R&D Insight database and has not been reviewed or verified by PhRMA. Search by drug name, disease or company – or search a list of new medicines approved.

MICROMEDEX Healthcare Series
Provides clinical decision support databases and tools, including information related to drugs, acute care, toxicology, and patient education.

Orange Book: Approved Drug Products with Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations
Search by active ingredient, proprietary name, patent, applicant holder, or application number. Produced by the FDA.

PDR Guide to Prescription Drugs 
Offers consumer-friendly explanations about the safe and effective use of prescription and non-prescription drugs.>

Pillbox [National Library of Medicine]
Aids in the identification of unknown solid dosage pharmaceuticals. The system combines high-resolution images of tablets and capsules with FDA-approved appearance information (imprint, shape, color, etc.) to enable users to visually search for and identify an unknown solid dosage pharmaceutical.

Includes substance information (more than 61 million records, compound structures (more than 25 million unique structures), and BioActivity data (more than 1600 BioAssays) in three primary databases, PcsubstancePccompound, and PCBioAssay, respectively.

An online medical resource dedicated to offering detailed and current pharmaceutical information on brand and generic drugs.


USP-NF Online
Presents public pharmacopeial standards for medicines, dosage forms, drug substances, excipients, medical devices, and dietary supplements. The USP–NF is a combination of two official compendia, the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) and the National Formulary (NF). Monographs for drug substances and preparations are featured in the USP. Monographs for dietary supplements and ingredients appear in a separate section of the USP. Excipient monographs are in the NF.

Herbal Medicines & Dietary Supplements

About Herbs, Botanicals & Other Products [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center]
Provides evidence-based information about herbs, botanicals, supplements, and more, including a clinical summary for each agent and details about constituents, adverse effects, interactions, and potential benefits or problems.

Dietary Supplements Labels Database [National Library of Medicine]
Offers information about label ingredients in more than 4,000 selected brands of dietary supplements. Enables users to compare label ingredients in different brands. Information is also provided on the “structure/function” claims made by manufacturers. Links to other NLM databases to allow users to understand the characteristics of ingredients and view the results of research pertaining to them. Search by brand names, uses noted on product labels, specific active ingredients, and manufacturers.

Herbs and Supplements [MedlinePlus]
Browse by first letter of herb or supplement. Information is from Natural Standard©*.

International Bibliographic Information on Dietary Supplements Database 
Provides access to bibliographic citations and abstracts from published, international, and scientific literature on dietary supplements. IBIDS is a collaboration between two US government agencies: the Office of Dietary Supplements of the National Institutes of Health, and the Food and Nutrition Information Center (FNIC) of the United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) National Agricultural Library (NAL).

Natural Standard
Natural Standard provides integrative medicine databases, including “Foods, Herbs & Supplements,” “Health & Wellness,” and “Comparative Effectiveness,” along with tools such as “Symptom Checker” and “Interactions & Depletions.” Information is incorporated into comprehensive monographs which are designed to facilitate clinical decision making.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
CDC works with partners throughout the nation and the world to monitor health, detect and investigate health problems, conduct research to enhance prevention, develop and advocate sound public health policies, implement prevention strategies, promote healthy behaviors, foster safe and healthful environments, provide leadership and training.

DIRLINE (Directory of Information Resources Online) [National Library of Medicine]
Contains over 8,500 records and focuses primarily on health and biomedicine. These information resources fall into many categories including federal, state, and local government agencies; information and referral centers; professional societies; self-help groups and voluntary associations; academic and research institutions and their programs; information systems and research facilities. Topics include HIV/AIDS, maternal and child health, most diseases and conditions including genetic and other rare diseases, health services research and technology assessment.

eMedicine [WebMD]
Presents authoritative and accessible point of care medical reference. The evidence-based content, updated regularly by more than 8,000 attributed physician or health care provider authors and editors, provides the latest practice guidelines in 38 clinical areas. The eMedicine Clinical Knowledge Base contains articles on over 6,500 diseases and medical topics, and is richly illustrated with some 28,000 multimedia files.

National Cancer Institute Clinical Trials
Learn what clinical trials are, how they work, why they’re useful, patient care costs, and more. Search NCI’s list of 8,000+ clinical trials now accepting participants. Browse recent clinical trial results by type of cancer or topic. Find information about major NCI-supported clinical trials open or closed to new participants. Find information for research teams about data and safety monitoring, online education about clinical trials, and more.

National Guideline Clearinghouse [Agency for Healthcare and Research Quality]
Provides a comprehensive database of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines and related documents. Includes summaries about the guideline and its development; links to full-text guidelines, where available, and/or ordering information for print copies; a guideline comparison utility; and guideline comparisons called guideline syntheses prepared by NGC staff.

NIH Clinical Research Studies
Clinical study. Clinical trial. Clinical protocol. They all mean the same thing–a scientific study of how a new medicine or treatment works in people. Through clinical studies, doctors find new and better ways to prevent, detect, diagnose, control, and treat illnesses This is a collection of clinical studies being conducted by the National Institutes of Health at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center in Bethesda, Maryland.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database
A database and online resource giving answers to questions about natural supplements and the scientific evidence on safety and effectiveness. There are over 1,000 active ingredient monographs broken down into 15 sections including “Effectiveness Ratings” and “Safety Ratings” on every one. They also include all the potential interactions with regular prescription medications, other herbs, lab tests, foods, etc.

Comprises more than 20 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.

PubMed Clinical Queries
Search for information about specific clinical research areas. Find citations that correspond to a specific clinical study category; for systematic reviews, meta-analyses, reviews of clinical trials, evidence-based medicine, consensus development conferences, and guidelines; or related to various topics in medical genetics.

TRIP Database
A clinical search tool designed to allow health professionals to rapidly identify the highest quality clinical evidence for clinical practice. Searches many types of publications: evidence based synopses, systematic reviews, national guidelines, clinical Q&As, core primary research, etextbooks, patient information, and more.

Other Resources

Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy (AMCP)
Includes position statements and documents on public policy and advocacy as well as professional practice.

Bacteriological Analytical Manual (BAM) [FDA] Presents the agency’s preferred laboratory procedures for microbiological analyses of foods and cosmetics.

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services [Department of Health & Human Services]
Provides information on Medicare, Medicaid, and Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP), along with regulations and guidance, as well as research, statistics, data, & systems.

ChemIDplus [National Library of Medicine]
ChemIDplus Lite and Advanced are two different applications of the ChemIDplus database. Lite is designed for simple searching on name or registry number to retrieve basic information about a chemical and provide locator links to other resources. The Lite version displays structures, but does not allow drawing or searching on structures.

ChemIDplus Advanced is designed for more advanced searching on any combination of name, registry number, molecular formula, classification code, locator code, toxicity, physical property, structure, or molecular weight. Toxicity and physical property data are displayed in tables under Basic Information. The Advanced version provides locator links to the same resources as the Lite version. In addition, ChemIDplus Advanced allows users to draw their own structures and perform similarity and substructure searches.

A registry of federally and privately supported clinical trials conducted in the United States and around the world. Offers information about a trial’s purpose, who may participate, locations, and phone numbers for more details.

Employer Health Benefits Annual Survey [The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation]
Provides a detailed look at trends in employer-sponsored health coverage, including premiums, employee contributions, cost-sharing provisions, and other relevant information.

Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) [Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality]
HCUP databases bring together the data collection efforts of State data organizations, hospital associations, private data organizations, and the Federal government. Includes the largest collection of longitudinal hospital care data in the United States, with all-payer, encounter-level information beginning in 1988. These databases enable research on a broad range of health policy issues, including cost and quality of health services, medical practice patterns, access to health care programs, and outcomes of treatments at the national, State, and local market levels.

Hospital Quality Compare [Department of Health & Human Services]
Presents information on how well hospitals care for patients with certain medical conditions or surgical procedures, and results from a survey of patients about the quality of care they received during a recent hospital stay.

Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (MedPAC)
An independent Congressional agency to advise the U.S. Congress on issues affecting the Medicare program. In addition to advising the Congress on payments to private health plans participating in Medicare and providers in Medicare’s traditional fee-for-service program, MedPAC is also tasked with analyzing access to care, quality of care, and other issues affecting Medicare. Documents include biennial reports, a data book, Congressional testimony, comment letters, Medicare basics and payment basics.

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism [National Institutes of Health]
Publications include Alcohol Alert, Alcohol Research & Health, Helping Patients Who Drink Too Much: A Clinician’s Guide, and other professional education materials. Resources include clinical guidelines and resources, data/statistical tables, database resources, graphics gallery, related websites, and research guidelines and resources.

National Vital Statistics System [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention]
Presents data on births, mortality, fetal deaths, linked birth and infant deaths, marriages and divorces, as well as related surveys and other reports.

NIDAMED [National Institute on Drug Abuse]
Includes screening for tobacco, alcohol, and other drug use; information on treatment and prevention, as well as resources for practitioners and patients.

Includes A-Z list of contractors and suppliers, pharmaceutical industry catalog indexed by product or service, and coverage of pharmaceutical technology projects in production or under development.

Policy Positions & Guidelines (Best Practices) [American Society of Health-System Pharmacists]
Presents official professional policies, in the form of policy positions and guidance documents (statements and guidelines), for the continuum of pharmacy practice settings in integrated systems. Search by keyword, browse by topic or document type.

Prescription Drugs [The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation]
Includes data on prescription drug trends, costs and coverage, research and recent legislation.

Quality Check [The Joint Commission]
Search for organizations by city and state, by name or by zip code (up to 250 miles). Find organizations by type of service provided within a geographic area. The results can be filtered by type of provider, setting of care or patient population. Download free hospital performance measure results by clicking on the Quality Data Download tab. By clicking on the “View Accreditation/Certification Quality Report” link, visitors can view a summary of a health care organization’s performance.

RAND Health COMPARE [The Rand Corporation]
COMPARE has four objectives: synthesize what is known about the current health care system, describe policy options that have been proposed to address one or more existing challenges, analyze the effects of different health care policy options on multiple dimensions of health system performance, identify gaps in our knowledge about the effects of policy changes. Rather than constructing specific policy proposals, COMPARE offers objective analyses of policy options currently being used, considered, or discussed by public and private policymakers.

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Presents grant results reports, journal articles, issue and policy briefs on numerous topics in their program areas of building human capital in healthcare fields; reducing childhood obesity; expanding and ensuring affordable quality health care coverage; supporting innovators at the cutting edge of health and health care; ensuring all Americans have quality public health services and policies that protect, promote and preserve their health; and transcending the social barriers to better health.

USP Verified [U.S. Pharmacopeia]
Includes information about and lists of USP verified dietary supplements, USP verified dietary supplement ingredients, and USP verified pharmaceutical ingredients.

TOXNET [National Library of Medicine]
Includes databases on toxicology, hazardous chemicals, environmental health, and toxic releases.

Get Help

Stop by the Reference Desk
Hours: 8.30 am – 10 pm for research questions & assistance. Personal appointments also available.

Call 864-833-7080
E-mail libref@presby.edu

Dan Lee

Betsy Byrd

For Technical/Access Assistance, please contact Abigail Fuller at 833-7026 or email her at asrush@presby.edu